The inhabitants of 123 Sesame Street, created by Joan Ganz Cooney and Lloyd Morrisett, were first introduced on the 10th of November, 1969. Sesame Street is an educational show aimed at younger children and one of the most successful children's shows of all time. In the show, each floor of the building is occupied by a different set of muppets. Bert and Ernie have been the longest tenants and are located in the basement while The New Yorkers teach three to five year olds basic pre-school skills such as numbers, colours and shapes.
Besides basic knowledge, Sesame Street also focuses on teaching the viewers at least one life lesson an episode. This is combined with addressing other types of issues through the different characters. Bert and Ernie, for example, show children that you can still be friends even if you have different personalities and backgrounds. Each episode is created in collaboration with child psychologists and teachers to make sure the lesson is clear and relatable to the kids. It seems to be work too, recent reports seem to indicate that children that watched Sesame Street while growing up show less developmental issues versus those who haven't.
Shortly after Sesame Street was launched in the United States, it went international. The first countries to have their own Sesame Streets were Germany (1969) and the Netherlands (1976). The are now over 35 different Sesame Street programmes all over the world. Most countries have added their own characters such as Boombah the Lion from Galli Galli Sim Sim (India), Kami, a HIV-positive girl whom tries to reduce the stigmas surrounding HIV in a child friendly way in areas affected by the disease (South Africa) and Nac the Monster who debuted in 5, Rue Sésame (France).
There is plenty of Sesame Street products, from clothing and bedding to toys, writing accessories and bath products. A popular product is the Sesame Street gift set with a children's bath gel and a mitt.